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Biography
Hardanahalli Deve Gowda Kumaraswamy (Kannada: ಹೆಚ್.ಡಿ. ಕುಮಾರಸ್ವಾಮಿ) born  on December 16, 1959. He was Chief Minister of the state of Karnataka, India from February 4, 2006 to October 9, 2007. He is one of the sons of former Prime Minister of India H. D. Deve Gowda. Popularly known as "Manninamaga" among his friends and followers, he was a noted film producer, distributor and exhibitor in the Kannada film industry.He owns a cinema theater at his home town Holenarasipura. He finished his high school studies in Bangalore's MES Educational Institution in Jayanagar. He completed his PUC from Vijaya College and earned his B.Sc. from Basavanagudi National College. He married Anita on March 13, 1986 at Palace Grounds, Bangalore. He has a son, Nikhil. He took oath of office at the Vidhana Soudha, the Karnataka Government headquarters.

He won the Kanakapura (Bangalore Rural District) Lok Sabha seat in 1996. He sought re-election from Kanakapura in 1998 and lost. He again contested unsuccessfully for Sathanur assembly seat in 1999. In 2004, he was elected to represent the Ramanagaram assembly segment. He was never considered to be the political heir to his father. He started overshadowing his elder brother H. D. Revanna when he clinched the post of Working President of Janata Dal (Secular) party. He rose to prominence in the national media when he, along with the help of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), engineered a defection in his own party, the Janata Dal (Secular). Forty-two MLAs of Janata Dal (Secular) under his leadership left to form the government. On January 28, 2006, Karnataka Governor T. N. Chaturvedi invited him to form the government in the state after Dharam Singh resigned earlier in the day. Kumaraswamy inaugurated the Suvarna Karnataka year-long celebrations marking the Rajyotsava after 50 years of Karnataka unification on November 1, 2006. The Hampi Utsav marks the celebration of culture of Karnataka was inaugurated by Kumaraswamy and Governor T. N. Chaturvedi.

On September 27, 2007, Kumaraswamy said that he would leave office on October 3 as part of a power-sharing agreement between the Janata Dal (Secular) and the BJP, despite the calls of some legislators in the JD(S) for him to remain in office for the time being due to complications in arranging the transfer of power. However, on October 4, 2007, he refused to transfer power to BJP saying he will go to peoples court.[citation needed] Finally on October 8, 2007, he tendered his resignation to Governor Rameshwar Thakur and the state was put under President's rule However, he reconciled later and decided to offer support to the BJP. BJP's B. S. Yeddyurappa was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Karnataka on November 12, 2007. However the JD(S) withdrew support after 1 week as the BJP refused to accept the conditions imposed on the latter by the former. Initially as Chief Minister, he had won great moral support of the people with his Grama Vasthavya (i.e., rural stay)but it is one of his political stunt, his Janata Darshan (wherein he personally met the people to solve their problems) and his proactiveness. However later he was criticised for breaking his promise to transfer power to the BJP. Later, on 19 December 2007, he underwent a heart operation to replace a damaged heart valve. He eventually recovered and was the JD(S) chief minister candidate for the 2008 elections.

He has once again won from Ramanagaram comprehensively in the 2008 assembly election, defeating the nearest rival candidate by more than 40,000 votes. However he could not refurbish his party's dented image as it went on to win only 28 seats. This was because, of Untrustworthy moves done by Jds party after they ruled for 20 months. they would have given power.It is now rumoured that he may return to national politics in the next Lok Sabha election.In the General Elections 2009 H.D Kumaraswamy was the Candidate of JD(s) from the Bengaluru Rural Lok Sabha Constituency. Apart from being Working President of the JD(S), he secured the additional post of President of the Karnataka State Unit of the JD(S) in 2009 when outgoing President Merajuddin Patel died. H.D Kumaraswamy has an alleged extra-maritial affair with Kannada film actress Radhika
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