Schneider was born in 1952 to French actor Daniel Gelin in Paris, reports the BBC.
At the age of 19 she was cast opposite Brando in Bernardo Bertolucci's controversial 1972 film.
In the film, she played a young Parisian who embarks on a sexually charged relationship with his middle-aged American businessman.
The film was banned in several countries due to its explicit content.
The actress battled drug addiction in the 1970s but went on to star in mostly low-budget European films.
She was last seen on the big screen in 2008 French film 'Cliente', about a married construction worker who leads a double life as a gigolo. (ANI)